Enabling e-Navigation: Today and Tomorrow
Building the Infrastructure & Reaping the Benefits
This year’s conference focuses on e-navigation’s primary building blocks: Infrastructure and applications that are providing quantifiable benefits today while also providing a pathway to future developments.
The presentations lead to a panel discussion by selected experts tasked with identifying the core competencies which in their view will be needed to support the advances they advocate. Conclusions and recommendations generated by the delegates will provide useful input to regulators, educators and maritime training establishments. These, submitted as part of the Conference Final Report to IALA, will be disseminated by IALA to the appropriate international and national authorities for consideration.
12 NOVEMBER – DAY I
0730-0830: Registration and Continental Breakfast
Mr. Edgar Wendlandt, President, Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services (RTCM)
Admiral Karl L. Schultz, Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard
SESSION I: E-NAVIGATION DEVELOPMENT AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Many of the significant infrastructure requirements still to be developed or implemented deal with e-navigation’s information management framework. While general application for some of them lies in the future understanding what’s ahead is important. The material presented needs to convey a sense of when and how those initiatives will affect them. Presentations also need to discuss supporting services, such as communications links, and touch where appropriate on how the information involved is to be presented.
Moderator: Captain Mike Trent, Managing Director, Maritime Technology Associates, LLC
e-NAVIGATION Strategy Implementation Plan : Given that many among the Target Delegates may not be familiar with the manner in which implementation is planned, a review of the IMO‘s intent will be a good stage setter for discussions, as well as helping delegates place specific actions discussed in context. It also provides an opportunity to show that implementation is lagging the Plan’s timetable and help understand the causes thereof.
Mr. John Erik Hagen, Norwegian Coastal Administration (Invited)
e-Navigation Solutions: The presentation should explain IMO’s Prioritized Solutions that is based on the work of the e-Navigation Correspondence Group and the Gap Analysis. The 16 Maritime Services will be explained, particularly their relationship to the Maritime Connectivity Platform and communications requirements. The three Services of most interest are MS 1 VTS Information Service, MS 5 Maritime Safety Information and MS 8 Vessel-Shore Reporting Service.
Mr. Jon Leon Ervik, Norwegian Coastal Administration (Invited)
The Maritime Connectivity Platform (MCP) : The MCP is a fundamental element for future development. MIS and port management systems have migrated from paper to local systems, often based on simple spreadsheet or database applications and are now migrating to enterprise level cloud environments with well-developed reporting, a wide range of data analytics, complex event management, machine learning and comprehensive reporting tools. A common approach to Cloud based solutions will reduce the barriers imposed by proprietary systems and enable small regional, national and port authorities to gain low cost access to enterprise features and reliability.
Mr. Thomas Christensen, Executive Director, MCP Consortium
Connectivity – A critical Key to Future Development: Many developing applications of e-navigation require the movement of vast quantities of data, raw or processed; requiring best use of the spectrum. An appreciation of what’s currently available and future communications developments is critical to exploitation of e-navigation.
Mr. Frank August, Maritime Director of OneWeb & Secretary, Mobile Satellite Users Association
Electronic Ship Reporting System: The system will migrate Ship Reporting to electronic information Exchange between ship and shore-based communities. This presentation is tied to the mandatory requirement for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports which came into effect from April 8, 2019. The requirement, mandatory under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention), is part of a package of amendments under the revised Annex to the FAL Convention, adopted in 2016.
“The new FAL Convention requirement for all Public Authorities to establish systems for the electronic exchange of information related to maritime transport marks a significant move in the maritime industry and ports towards a digital maritime world, reducing the administrative burden and increasing the efficiency of maritime trade and transport,” said IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim. The Facilitation Convention encourages use of a “single window” for data, to enable all the information required by public authorities in connection with the arrival, stay and departure of ships, persons and cargo, to be submitted via a single portal, without duplication, raising the question “Does eNOAD fill the bill or must it be expanded?”
Mr. Fred Pot, Marine Management & Consulting
The Top 5 COLREG Challenges facing Autonomous Vessel Operators: The introduction of autonomous vessels poses a number of challenges, including compliance with the COLREGS.
Professor Craig H. Allen, University of Washington
SESSION II: GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONS AND PLANS
Governments are major providers of the infrastructure supporting e-navigation. In the U.S. CMTS is charged with coordinating actions of the Federal agencies involved and in Canada this task falls to the Canadian Coast Guard. Covering both Canadian and U.S. activities in this session is important, given the shared waterways in the Pacific Northwest, the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway.
An important part of this Session is a panel discussion by representatives of NOAA, USACE and USCG about current developments and plans
Moderator: Ms. Helen Brohl, Executive Director, Committee on the Marine Transportation System (CMTS), U.S. Department of Transportation (Invited)
Canadian Government Projects/Programs:
Topic and Presenter to be announced
U.S. Government Panel: Representatives of NOAA, USACE and USCG discuss such things as AIS for MSI Delivery, eMSI and for planning purposes one hour has been allocated in the schedule.
Presenters to be Announced
Cyber Security: Cyber Security is a hot topic about which mariners should know more in order to minimize the potential for intrusion into the systems upon which they depend. The standard for a secure on-board network has been developed by IEC (IEC 62611-450/460) and the authentication, authorization and encryption infrastructure of MCP will most likely be used to achieve cyber security for wireless communications and for cloud-based applications. For the purposes of this conference a ‘basic’ treatment is appropriate, covering three points:
- • Overview of the problem
- • Planning for dealing with the problem, including regulatory requirements
- • Practical day-to-day deck plate level actions at the worker bee level
- • MSIB 04-19: Cyber Adversaries Targeting Commercial Vessels
Captain James Cash, Managing Director, Cyber Logistics Integration LLC
13 NOVEMBER – DAY II
0730-0830: Continental Breakfast
SESSION III: NEW TECHNOLOGY AND TOOLS
New technologies and the tools they provide present several challenges to managers and mariners alike. Keeping abreast of such developments is critical because of their impact upon procurements, training and a host of similar factors. Understanding them, their uses and the benefits to be derived is particularly important because there is considerable anecdotal evidence that the integration of technologies, competencies and practices is proceeding much more slowly than anticipated, exacerbated by shortfalls in the human-machine interfaces. User understanding of the shortfalls and critical input to the manufacturers is becoming an absolute necessity and one of the goals of this Session is to stimulate generation of such input.
Moderator: Captain Bradley Moore, Georgian College, Canada (Invited)
RCN Use of Augmented Reality for maintenance: The Royal Canadian Navy is pursuing a demonstration program for the use of augmented reality for remote assistance with on-board maintenance and repair. See Canadian Navy Trials Augmented Reality for Shipboard Maintenance
Augmented reality assistance for maintenance and repair has widespread and near-term application throughout the industry and should be considered a topic of major interest.
Mr. Duncan McSporran, Kognitiv Spark
OZT Voyage Information Display System: The system integrates AIS and radar information with real-time video images from a bridge camera in conjunction with Furuno’s ECDIS FMD3300 series.
Representative, MOL Techno-Trade, Ltd. (Invited)
Lock Entry Assist System: Being developed for use in the St. Lawrence Seaway, the system automates the approaches to locks thereby minimizing the potential for damage as the result of conning errors. An interesting question is whether or not similar systems have application to the U.S. inland waterways.
Representative, Wartsila Marine Soluions
e-Navigation and Passage Planning: Technology can reduce the overall time required and ensure greater accuracy.
Mr. Tor Svanes, Managing Director, NAVTOR AV
Artificial intelligence (AI) to improve fuel efficiency on ships: Through the use of artificial intelligence Nautilus Labs proposes to reduce fuel consumption by up to 10 per cent in a single voyage and 30 per cent with wider deployment. The platform provides real-time insights into fleet performance and ways to improve voyage economics. Data is unified from any source on ship or shore and combined with AIS, meteorological, and other third-party data.
Representative, Nautilus Labs (Invited)
Sea Traffic Management : Sea Traffic Management represents a major step forward for both maritime safety and the efficiency of the maritime transportation system. While North America is not currently subject to the same economic and traffic management pressures as exist elsewhere the proliferation of other used of the sea – wind farms, energy extraction, etc. – will ultimately rise to the level where some STM measures may be required.
STM connects and updates ships and ports in real time and facilitates efficient information exchange. It’s already been installed on 200 ships and in six shore centers with 200 more ships to be added soon. The intended route on the ECDIS is shared with nearby ships over AIS for safety reasons and over the Internet, using a global standardized route format, with authorities and partners on shore for both safety and efficiency reasons. About 15 STM-based services are active, and the STM project team is currently working on global standards for port call data.
Representative, STM Validation Project (Invited)
Session IV: CLOSING PLENARY SESSION
The Closing Session provides for a review of the key points raised in the preceding sessions, provides for a discussion of points raised and the formulation of Conclusions and Recommendations for submission to IALA for distribution as appropriate. Five-ten minutes is provided to each Session Moderator to summarize his or her session.
Moderator: Mr. Michael Bergmann, Past President CIRM (Invited)
CONCLUDING REMARKS – CONFERENCE CLOSES